Effect of biofumigation and soil solarization on stem canker and black scurf diseases of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) caused by Rhizoctonia solani PR2 isolate

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M. Tanbir Rubayet M. Khurshed Alam Bhuiyan Rayhanur Jannat M. Mahidul Islam Masum M. Motaher Hossain

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of biofumigation and soil solarization on stem canker and black scurf diseases of potato caused by Rhizoctonia solani PR2 isolate. Before setting the field experiment, a series of in-vitro and in-vivo trails were laid out to select a virulent isolate PR2 of R. solani against the susceptible potato variety of cardinal and evaluated the Brassica spp. namely cabbage, cauliflower, mustard, and broccoli leaf extracts to select the best biofumigant against R. solani PR2 isolate in in-vitro condition. Among the different Brassica spp., Brassica nigra (mustard) was the most effective in inhibiting the radial growth (79.63%) of R. solani PR2 at 40% level of concentration followed by broccoli leaf extract (66.67%). At the field trials, in T5 treatment where used biofumigation and soil solarization was appeared to be most superior in reducing the pre and post emergence mortality of potato seedling. The lowest disease incidence (24.44% and 30.67%), and PDI (20.37% and 13.89%) also were found in stem canker and black scurf diseases, respectively at treatment T5 followed by T3 (where used biofumigation without soil solarization) treatment. The yield of potato 117.13% was increased in T5 treatment followed by T3 treatment (73.01%). The increase of yield not only because of the reduction of diseases but also it might be due to supplement of the organic materials in the soil as a result increases the amount of soluble nutrients and secret the growth promoting substances by beneficial soil microorganisms.

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Rubayet, M. T., Alam Bhuiyan, M. K., Jannat, R., Islam Masum, M. M., & Hossain, M. M. (2018). Effect of biofumigation and soil solarization on stem canker and black scurf diseases of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) caused by Rhizoctonia solani PR2 isolate. Advances in Agricultural Science, 6(3), 33-48. Retrieved from http://aaasjournal.org/submission/index.php/aaas/article/view/80
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