Evaluation of the effect of mouldboard plow and tied-ridger on wheat productivity in Atsibi and Ganta Afeshum districts, Ethiopia

Main Article Content

Mulubrehan Kifle Gebremariam Yaebiyo Dimtsu Tesfay Gebretsadikan


Ethiopian agriculture is characterized by traditional farming techniques and it is affected by soil moisture deficiency. Hence, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of mould board plow and tied ridge on wheat productivity in G/Afeshum and Atsbi districts. Four test plots for the comparison were laid on a single farmer’s land and this was replicated among six farmers. The treatments were plowing with local maresha (control), mouldboard, mouldboard plow and tied with tie-ridger, local maresha and tied with tie-ridger. Cost and benefit analysis was employed to conduct the economic feasibility of the improved farm implements. The results revealed that the highest yield (2870 kgha-1 in Atsibi and 2950 kgha-1 in G/Afeshum) and lowest yield (2130 kgha-1 in Atsibi and 1972 kgha-1 in G/Afeshum) were recorded from mouldboard and tied-ridge plow and local maresha plow, respectively. The highest net benefit (14,730 ETBha-1 in Atsibi and 17,770 ETBha-1 in G/Afeshum) was obtained from using the mouldboard and tie-ridger in both districts. Whereas the lowest net benefit (10,926 ETBha-1 in Atsibi and 11,995 ETBha-1) was recorded in using local maresha in both districts. This indicates that using both the mouldboard and tie-ridger can bring additional benefit to the farming community. Most of the farmers have perceived the tied-ridger to be more effective in moisture conservation than the local ‘Dugree’. They stated that mouldboard plows deeper so that the residuals and weed were buried deep inside and changed into compost. Therefore, there should be institutional services that facilitate an access for the implements.  


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kifle, M., Dimtsu, G. Y., & Gebretsadikan, T. (2018). Evaluation of the effect of mouldboard plow and tied-ridger on wheat productivity in Atsibi and Ganta Afeshum districts, Ethiopia. Advances in Agricultural Science, 6(3), 17-24. Retrieved from http://aaasjournal.org/submission/index.php/aaas/article/view/71


Astatke, A. and Jabbar, M., 1999. Animal drawn implement for vertisols management and strategies for land use intensification. IBSRAM Vertisol Workshop, 8–14 May, Harare, Zimbabwe.
Biazin, B., Stroosnijder, L., Temesgen, M., Abdulkadir, A. and Sterk, G., 2011. The effect of Long-term maresha ploughing on soil physical properties in the central rift valley of Ethiopia, Soil Till. Res., 111: 115–122.
Brooks, K.N. and Tayaa, M., 2002. Planning and managing soil and water resources in drylands: Role of watershed management. Arid Lands Newsletter No. 52, International Arid Lands Consortium.
CSA (Central Statistical Authority), 2008. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Statistical Abstracts. Addis Ababa.
Haregeweyn, N., Poesen, J., Verstraeten, G., DeVent, J., Govers, G., Deckers, S. and Moeyersons, J., 2005. Specific sediment yield in Tigray-Northern Ethiopia: Assessment and semi-quantitative modelling. Geomorphology, 69: 315-331.
Heluf, G. and Yohannes, U., 2002. Soil and water conservation (tied-ridges and planting methods) on cultivated lands: The case of eastern Ethiopian; Soil and Water Management Research Program, Alemaya University (AU); 154p.
Heluf, G., 2003. Grain Yield Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) to Tied-Ridges and Planting Methods on Entisols and Vertisols of Alemaya Area, Eastern Ethiopia Highlands. J. Agric. Dev. Trop. Sub-Trop. 104(2): 113-128.
IPMS, 2005. Atsbi Wemberta district Pilot Learning Site Diagnosis and Program Design.
Jutzi, S., Anderson, F.M. and Astatke, A., 1986. Low-cost modifications of the traditional Ethiopian tine plough for land shaping and surface drainage of heavy clay soils: Preliminary results from on-farm verification trials. This is a modified version of a paper presented at the Second West African Integrated Livestock Systems Net workshop held 19 to 25, September in Freetown, Sierra Leone.
Kumar, A. and Rana, K.S., 2007. Performance of pigeon pea + green gram intercropping system as influenced by moisture conservation practices and fertility level under rain fed conditions. Indian J. Agron., 52: 31-35.
McHugh, O., Tammo, S., Berihun, A. and Erick, C. M. F., 2007. Performance of in-situ rain water conservation tillage techniques on dry spell mitigation and erosion control in the drought-prone North Wello Zone of the Ethiopian highlands, Soil Till. Res., 97: 19–36.
Moldenhauer, W. and Onstand, C., 1977. Engineering practices to control erosion; in: Soil Conservation and Management in the Humid Tropics, edited by Greenland, D. and R. Lal, R.; pages 87–92; John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, New York.
Solomon, G., Mouazen A.M., Van Brussel, H., Ramon, H., Nyssen, J., Verplancke, H., Mintesinot, B., Deckers J. and De Baerdemaeker, J., 2006. Animal drawn tillage, the Ethiopian ard plough, maresha: a review, Soil Till. Res. 89: 129–143.
Solomon, T., 2015. On-Farm Verification of the Effects of Selected Soil Moisture Conservation Techniques on Yield and Yield Components of Early Maturing Maize Varieties at Bako, Western Ethiopia. Int. J. Adv. Earth Sci. Engg., 4(1): 254-264.
Tekle, Y. 2014. Performance evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) varieties under moisture conservation practices for yield and yield components at Alduba, Southern Ethiopia. Int. J. Res. Agric. Sci.1(3): 2348 – 3997.
Temesgen, M., 2000. Animal-drawn implements for improved cultivation in Ethiopia: participatory development and testing. Proceedings of the workshop of the Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA) held 20-24 September 1999, Mpumalanga, South Africa. 344p.
Temesgen, M., Georgis, K., Goda, S. and Abebe, H., 2001. Development and evaluation of tillage implements for maize production in dryland areas of Ethiopia, Seventh eastern and southern Africa regional maize conference. Pp. 308-312.
Temesgen, M., Rockstr¨om, J., Savenije, H. H. G., Hoogmoed, W. B. and Alemu, D., 2008. Determinants of tillage frequency among smallholder farmers in two semi-arid areas in Ethiopia, in: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, University Press, Cambridge, 183–191.
Yoseph, T. and Gebre, W., 2015. Evaluation of different moisture conservation practices on growth, yield and yield components of sorghum at Alduba, southern Ethiopia. Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management. Vol. 4(3): 169-173.