Optimization of Ethylene inhibitor-mediated controlled ripening of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

Main Article Content

Sajib Barua Tahsin Rahi Oindrila Hossain Antara Mazumder Rabeya Sharmin Tasnim Zaman Durjoy Ghosh Shoeb Ahmed

Abstract

Mature green tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L.) were treated with water, Salicylic Acid (SA), 1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), Ethanol, Gibberellic Acid (GA) and Maleic Acid (MA) at specific concentration. 1-MCP, GA and Ethanol inhibited the ripening process of the tomatoes and the food quality was also retained. However, SA and MA failed to delay the ripening process of the tomatoes.  It was found that the ripening process was delayed by 1-MCP significantly, compared to any other approach and therefore optimum dosage of 1-MCP was investigated. Tomatoes treated with 200, 500 and 800 µg/L of 1-MCP delayed ripening of tomato by 11, 18 and 20 days but the food quality was affected slightly with the increase in 1-MCP concentration. 500 µg/L solution of 1-MCP delayed the ripening process of the tomatoes without changing the food quality significantly. This indicates that 1-MCP application (500 µg/L solution) can be used effectively to extend the storage life up to 18 days without any adverse ramification on the quality of ripe tomato and can be adopted commercially to increase the shelf life in semi-ripen stage longer time at room temperature.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Barua, S., Rahi, T., Hossain, O., Mazumder, A., Sharmin, R., Zaman, T., Ghosh, D., & Ahmed, S. (2018). Optimization of Ethylene inhibitor-mediated controlled ripening of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Advances in Agricultural Science, 6(3), 49-60. Retrieved from http://aaasjournal.org/submission/index.php/aaas/article/view/63
Section
Articles

References

AHMAD, A., ALI, Z. M. & ZAINAL, Z. 2013. Delayed softening of papaya (Carica papaya L. cv. Sekaki) fruit by 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) during ripening at ambient and low temperature storage conditions. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7, 750-757.
ANTHON, G. E., LESTRANGE, M. & BARRETT, D. M. 2011. Changes in pH, acids, sugars and other quality parameters during extended vine holding of ripe processing tomatoes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 91, 1175-1181.
AYOUB, J. A., DRIVER, M. G. & TAUB, I. A. 1989. Use of ethylene absorbers in extending shelf life. Activities report of the R and D Associates (USA), 41, 93-98.
BAL, E. & CELIK, S. 2010. The Effects of Postharvest Treatments of Salicylic Acid and Potassium Permanganate on the Storage of Kiwifruit. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 16, 576-584.
BALDWIN, E. A. 1993. Citrus Fruit. In: SEYMOUR, G. B., TAYLOR, J. E. & TUCKER, G. A. (eds.) Biochemistry of Fruit Ripening. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
BAPAT, V. A., TRIVEDI, P. K., GHOSH, A., SANE, V. A., GANAPATHI, T. R. & NATH, P. 2010. Ripening of fleshy fruit: Molecular insight and the role of ethylene. Biotechnology Advances, 28, 94-107.
BARRY, C. S. & GIOVANNONI, J. J. 2007. Ethylene and Fruit Ripening. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 26, 143-159.
BARUA, S., RAHI, T., ULLAH, E., GHOSH, D. & AHMED, S. 2015. Delay in fruit ripening : a promising approach for reduction of spoilage and use of hazardous chemicals in Bangladesh. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR), 6, 163-172.
BLANKENSHIP, S. M. & DOLE, J. M. 2003. 1-Methylcyclopropene: a review. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 28, 1-25.
BRON, I. U., JACOMINO, A. P. & PINHEIRO, A. L. 2006. Influence of ripening stage on physical and chemical attributes of 'Golden' papaya fruit treated with 1-methylcyclopropene. Bragantia, 65, 553-558.
BUGAUD, C., DEVERGE, E. & DARIBO, M.-O. 2011. Sensory characterisation enabled the first classification of dessert bananas. Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 91, 992-1000.
CHOI, S. T. & HUBER, D. J. 2008. Influence of aqueous 1-methylcyclopropene concentration, immersion duration, and solution longevity on the postharvest ripening of breaker-turning tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 49, 147-154.
COSTA, A. I. A., DEKKER, M. & JONGEN, W. M. F. 2000. Quality function deployment in the food industry: a review. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 11, 306-314.
DAVARYNEJAD, G. H., ZAREI, M., NASRABADI, M. E. & ARDAKANI, E. 2015. Effects of salicylic acid and putrescine on storability, quality attributes and antioxidant activity of plum cv. ‘Santa Rosa’. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52, 2053-2062.
DEAQUIZ, Y. A., ÁLVAREZ-HERRERA, J. & FISCHER, G. 2014. Ethylene and 1-MCP affect the postharvest behavior of yellow pitahaya fruits ( Selenicereus megalanthus Haw.). Agronomia Colombiana, 32, 44-51.
DING, P. & DARDURI, K. 2009a. Responses of Musa AAA Berangan to 1-methylcyclopropene. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 32, 125-132.
DING, P. & DARDURI, K. B. 2009b. Responses of Musa AAA Berangan to 1-methylcyclopropene. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 32, 125-132.
DUGUMA, T., EGIGU, M. C. & MUTHUSWAMY, M. 2014. The effects of gibberellic acid on quality and shelf life of banana (musa spp.). International Journal of Current Research and Review, 6, 63-69.
FAN, X., BLANKENSHIP, S. M. & MATTHEIS, J. P. 1999. 1-Methylcyclopropene Inhibits Apple Ripening. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 124, 690-695.
FAN, X. & MATTHEIS, J. 2000. Reduction of Ethylene-induced Physiological Disorders of Carrots and Iceberg Lettuce by 1-Methylcyclopropene. HortScience, 35, 1312-1314.
GOYAL, A., SIDDIQUI, S., UPADHYAY, N. & SONI, J. 2014. Effects of ultraviolet irradiation, pulsed electric field, hot water and ethanol vapours treatment on functional properties of mung bean sprouts. Journal of food science and technology, 51, 708-14.
GRICHKO, V., SEREK, M., WATKINS, C. B. & YANG, S. F. 2006. Father of 1-MCP. Biotechnology advances, 24, 355-6.
HEMILÄ, H., CHALKER, E. & DOUGLAS, B. 2007. Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CD000980.
HERNÁNDEZ-MUÑOZ, P., ALMENAR, E., VALLE, V. D., VELEZ, D. & GAVARA, R. 2008. Effect of chitosan coating combined with postharvest calcium treatment on strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) quality during refrigerated storage. Food Chemistry, 110, 428-435.
HERNANDEZMUNOZ, P., ALMENAR, E., VALLE, V., VELEZ, D. & GAVARA, R. 2008. Effect of chitosan coating combined with postharvest calcium treatment on strawberry (Fragaria×ananassa) quality during refrigerated storage. Food Chemistry, 110, 428-435.
HUBER, D. J. 2008. Suppression of Ethylene Responses Through Application of 1-Methylcyclopropene: A Powerful Tool for Elucidating Ripening and Senescence Mechanisms in Climacteric and Nonclimacteric Fruits and Vegetables. HortScience, 43, 106-111.
IQBAL, M., KHAN, M. N., ZAFAR, M. & MUNIR, M. 2012. Effect of harvesting date on fruit size, fruit weight and total soluble solids of feutrell's early and kinnow cultivars of madarin (Citrus reticulata) on the economic conditions of farming community of Faisalabad. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture (Pakistan), 28, 19-21.
ISLAM, M., KHAN, M. & SARKAR, M. 2013a. Post harvest Quality of Mango (Mangifera Indica L.) Fruit Affected by Different Levels of Gibberellic Acid During Storage. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 17, 499-509.
ISLAM, M. K., KHAN, M. Z. H., SARKAR, M. A. R., YEASMIN, S., ALI, M. K. & UDDIN, M. H. 2013b. Post harvest Quality of Mango (Mangifera Indica L.) Fruit Affected by Different Levels of Gibberellic Acid During Storage. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 17, 499-509.
JEONG, J., HUBER, D. J. & SARGENT, S. A. 2003. Delay of avocado (Persea americana) fruit ripening by 1-methylcyclopropene and wax treatments. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 28, 247-257.
KADER, A. A. 2005. INCREASING FOOD AVAILABILITY BY REDUCING POSTHARVEST LOSSES OF FRESH PRODUCE. Acta Horticulturae, 682, 2169-2176.
KANDUNGAN, K., GIBERELIK, A., MANGGA, B., INDICA, M., TUAI, L. & PENYIMPANAN, S. 2013. Postharvest Quality of Mango ( Mangifera Indica L .) Fruit Affected by Different Levels of Gibberellic Acid During Storage. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 17, 499-509.
KANG, G. Z., WANG, Z. X. & SUN, G. C. 2003. Participation of H2O2 in enhancement of cold chilling by salicylic acid in banana seedlings. Acta Botanica Sinica, 45, 567-573.
KAZEMI, M., ARAN, M. & ZAMANI, S. 2011. Effect of Salicylic Acid Treatments on Quality Characteristics of Apple Fruits During Storage. American Journal of Plant Physiology, 6, 113-119.
KHAN, A. S. & SINGH, Z. 2008. 1-Methylcyclopropene Application and Modified Atmosphere Packaging Affect Ethylene Biosynthesis, Fruit Softening, and Quality of 'Tegan Blue' Japanese Plum During Cold Storage. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 133, 290-299.
KITINOJA, L., SARAN, S., ROY, S. K. & KADER, A. A. 2011. Postharvest technology for developing countries: challenges and opportunities in research, outreach and advocacy. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 91, 597-603.
LIU, R. H. 2003. Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals. American Society for Clinical Nutrition, 78, 3-6.
LOLAEI, A., KAVIANI, B., REZAEI, M. A., RAAD, M. K. & MOHAMMADIPOUR, R. 2012. Effect of Pre- and Postharvest Treatment of Salicylic Acid on Ripening of Fruit and Overall Quality of Strawberry (Fragaria ananasa Duch cv. Camarosa) Fruit. Annals of Biological Research, 3, 4680-4684.
LU, X., SUN, D., LI, Y., SHI, W. & SUN, G. 2011. Pre- and post-harvest salicylic acid treatments alleviate internal browning and maintain quality of winter pineapple fruit. Scientia Horticulturae, 130, 97-101.
LYON, B. G., ROBERTSON, J. A. & MEREDITH, F. I. 1993. Sensory Descriptive Analysis of cv. Cresthaven Peaches-Maturity, Ripening and Storage Effects. Journal of Food Science, 58, 177-182.
MALUNDO, T., SHEWFELT, R. & WARE, G. 2001. Sugars and Acids Influence Flavor Properties of Mango (Mangifera indica). Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 126, 115-121.
MARTINEZ, G. A., CHAVES, A. R. & ANON, M. C. 1994. Effect of Gibberellic-Acid on Ripening of Strawberry Fruits (Fragaria-Annanassa Duch). Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 13, 87-91.
MEDLICOTT, A. P. & THOMPSON, A. K. 1985. Analysis of sugars and organic acids in ripening mango fruits (Mangifera indica L. var Keitt) by high performance liquid chromatography. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 36, 561-566.
MIR, N., CANOLES, M., BEAUDRY, R., BALDWIN, E. & PAL MEHLA, C. 2004. Inhibiting tomato ripening with 1-methylcyclopropene. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 129, 112-120.
MORETTI, C. L., ARAÚJO, A. L., MAROUELLI, W. A. & SILVA, W. L. C. 2002a. 1-Methylcyclopropene delays tomato fruit ripening. Horticultura Brasileira, 20, 659-663.
MORETTI, C. L., ARAÚJO, A. L., MAROUELLI, W. A. & SILVA, W. L. C. 2002b. 1-Methylcyclopropene delays tomato fruit ripening. Horticultura Brasileira, 20, 659-663.
NAIDU, K. 2003. Vitamin C in human health and disease is still a mystery? An overview. Nutrition Journal, 2.
OSORIO, S., SCOSSA, F. & FERNIE, A. R. 2013. Molecular regulation of fruit ripening. Frontiers in plant science, 4, 198-198.
RAHMAN, M. A., HOSSAIN, M. A., BEGUM, M. M., BANU, S. P. & ARFIN, M. S. 2014a. Evaluating the effects of 1-methylcyclopropene concentration and immersion duration on ripening and quality of banana fruit. Journal of Post-Harvest Technology, 2, 54-67.
RAHMAN, M. A., HOSSAIN, M. A., BEGUM, M. M., BANU, S. P. & ARFIN, M. S. 2014b. Evaluating the effects of 1-methylcyclopropene concentration and immersion duration on ripening and quality of banana fruit. Journal of Post-Harvest Technology; Vol 2, No 1 (2014).
RANGANNA, S. 1986. Flavouring Materials. Handbook of Analysis and Quality Control for Fruit and Vegetable Products. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
RASKIN, I. 1992. Role of Salicylic Acid in Plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 43, 439-463.
RICHARDS, D. E., KING, K. E., AIT-ALI, T. & HARBERD, N. P. 2001. HOW GIBBERELLIN REGULATES PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT: A Molecular Genetic Analysis of Gibberellin Signaling. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 52, 67-88.
SALTVEIT, M. E., JR. & SHARAF, A. R. 1992. Ethanol Inhibits Ripening of Tomato Fruit Harvested at Various Degrees of Ripeness without Affecting Subsequent Quality. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 117, 793-798.
SCHREINER, M. & HUYSKENS-KEIL, S. 2006. Phytochemicals in Fruit and Vegetables: Health Promotion and Postharvest Elicitors. Critical reviews in plant sciences, 25, 267-278.
SOWA, S. & KONDO, A. E. 2003. Sailing on the "C": A Vitamin Titration with a Twist. Journal of Chemical Education, 80, 550-550.
SU, H. & GUBLER, W. D. 2012. Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on reducing postharvest decay in tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Postharvest Biology and Technology, 64, 133-137.
TIGIST, M., WORKNEH, T. S. & WOLDETSADIK, K. 2013. Effects of variety on the quality of tomato stored under ambient conditions. Journal of food science and technology, 50, 477-86.
TOLOSSA DUGUMA, M. C. E. M. M. 2014. THE EFFECTS OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON QUALITY AND SHELF LIFE OF BANANA (MUSA SPP.). International Journal of Current Research and Review, 6, 63-69.
TURNER, D. & FORTESCUE, J. 2012. Bananas (Musa spp.). Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell.
WATKINS, C. B. 2008. Overview of 1-Methylcyclopropene Trials and Uses for Edible Horticultural Crops. HortScience, 43, 86-94.
WRZODAK, A. & GAJEWSKI, M. 2015. Effect Of 1-MCP Treatment On Storage Potential Of Tomato Fruit. Journal of Horticultural Research, 23, 121-126.