Integrating vermicomposting in animal manure treatment to improve yield parameters of maize (Zea mays)

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Sifolo Seydou Coulibaly Kouadio I. Kouassi Kouame K. Koffi Bi I. A. Zoro

Abstract

The use of raw animal manure as fertilizer by smallholder farmers to increase agricultural productivity can cause serious environmental issues and an abnormal flavor of the production. These problems make manure treatment necessary before its application. This is possible if producers have the possibility to bear the cost. Vermicomposting is a low-cost and environmentally sustainable technology that transforms organic wastes into vermicompost to improve the productivity, but little is known about its efficacy on maize productivity in Côte d'Ivoire. The experiment consisted of three randomized complete blocks design with three replicates by using vermicompost from pig manure as fertilizer on a ferralitic soil during three season-cycles. The vermicompost was spread at different stages of the plant development. The agronomic parameters as the number of leaves under the ear, the insertion height of ears, plant height and yield attributes were investigated. Results showed that vermicompost improved the agronomic parameters of maize. The tallest plants, the highest number of branches per panicle (19.35±5.70), the highest number of leaves under the ear (7.35±0.93), and the highest insertion height of the ears (108.9±24.87 cm) were observed when the vermicompost was spread at the emergence stage. The highest yield attributes such as the diameter of ears (13.64±1.20 cm), the number of grains per row (38.18±10.30), the length of ear (18.52±2.56 cm), the weight of ear (195,24±49,57 g), the number of row of grains per ear (13.45±1.32) and the weight of 100 grains (17.11±3.79 g) were obtained when the vermicompost was spread at the emergence stage. The highest roots biomass (63.22±50.18 g) and aerial biomass (501.68±229.58 g) of the plant were obtained with the vermicompost spread at the emergence stage. This study recommends vermicompost spreading at maize emergence stage for its optimum productivity.

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Coulibaly, S., I. Kouassi, K., K. Koffi, K., & I. A. Zoro, B. (2019). Integrating vermicomposting in animal manure treatment to improve yield parameters of maize (Zea mays). Advances in Agricultural Science, 7(2), 48-58. Retrieved from http://aaasjournal.org/submission/index.php/aaas/article/view/163
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