Contextual Determinants of Learning Behaviour Differentials amongst Host-farmers of University-Student Outreach in Uganda

Main Article Content

Stephen W. Kalule http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2703-0459 Haroon Sseguya Duncan Ongeng http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1535-4077 Gabriel A. Karubanga

Abstract

In Sub-Saharan Africa, a knowledge void still exists on two contextual questions of university-community outreach: 1) how social demographics differences are related to farmer learning behaviour towards student outreach, and 2) how student outreach models compare with public and non-public extension services. A cross-section survey was used to obtain data from a sample of 283 respondents purposively selected from previous hosts of student outreach of Gulu University in Uganda. Results from Kruskal-Wallis method revealed that there were significant differences among host-farmers with respect to farmstead distance to the university for knowledge sharing (?2 (2) = 8.5; P < 0.05) and giving feedback (?2 (2) = 7.6; P < 0.05). Regarding the experience of participating in outreach program, significant differences among host-farmers were found in seeking information (?2 (2) = 12.3; P < 0.01); knowledge sharing (?2 (2) = 10.4; P < 0.01); seeking feedback (?2 (2) = 16.4; P < 0.01) and giving feedback (?2 (2) = 8.1; P < 0.05). Further, Friedman test results showed that host-farmers perceived the university-student outreach to be superior and significantly different from public and non-public agricultural extension. We conclude that university outreach is a useful service to farmer. However, its success in facilitating farmer learning is dependent on farmstead distance to the university and farmers’ level of experience of participating in university activities. We recommend more logistical support from governments to university outreach programs so that outreach services can efficiently complement public and non-public interventions in delivering community-based training and learning approaches.

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How to Cite
Kalule, S., Sseguya, H., Ongeng, D., & Karubanga, G. (2019). Contextual Determinants of Learning Behaviour Differentials amongst Host-farmers of University-Student Outreach in Uganda. Advances in Agricultural Science, 7(2), 33-47. Retrieved from http://aaasjournal.org/submission/index.php/aaas/article/view/132
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Articles
Author Biographies

Stephen W. Kalule, Department of Extension and Innovations Studies, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda and Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Gulu University, P.O. Box 166, Gulu, Uganda

Stephen W. Kalule is PhD student of Agricultural and Rural Innovations at the department of Extension and innovation studies, Makerere University. He also works with Gulu University lecturing in the Department of Rural Development and Agribusiness. His research interests are in the field of agricultural marketing, household economy and higher education. He has previously researched on student centred outreach activities, most particularly in Northern Uganda.

Haroon Sseguya, Department of Extension and Innovations Studies, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda and International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Regional Hub for Eastern Africa, Plot 25, Light Industrial Area, Mikocheni B, P.O Box 34441, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Haroon Sseguya, a researcher working with the international Institute of Tropical Agriculture based in Tanzania. He also a lecturer at the Department of Extension and Innovation studies, Makerere University. He has vast research experience in social capital, food security and farmer technology uptake.

Duncan Ongeng, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Gulu University, P.O. Box 166, Gulu, Uganda

Duncan Ongeng is an associated profesor in the Faculty of Agriculture and Environment at Gulu University. His research interests are in the subject of food micro-biology  and university outreach. He has also widely researched on University-community linkages and student outreach activities to the community in Northern Uganda.

Gabriel A. Karubanga, Department of Extension and Innovations Studies, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda

Gabriel Karubanga is lecturer at the Department of Extension and innovation studies, Makerere University. He has vast research experience in farmer social learning. He has presviously researched on the video-mediated technology in farmers' social learning in Uganda.

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