Phytochemical Accumulation in Photomorphogenesis of Peppermint

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The production of phytochemicals due to biotic and abiotic factors are a result of the changes in growth parameters of the plant. Changes in the intensity and quality of light results in alterations of several biochemical and physiological processes of plants and manifests as changes in morphological and anatomical parameters. The relationship between phytochemicals production of peppermint and its growth responses under different photoperiods was determined. Photoperiod significantly affected the number and size of both stomata and capitate and peltate trichomes in leaves. This effect different photoperiod resulted in different numbers of peltate trichomes and different capitate trichome sizes between same surfaces of different leaves and between different surfaces of the same leaf. As a result, we found that the most suitable photoperiod (8 h light / 16 h dark), which improves the amount and content of phytochemicals with parameters changing coordinated with photoperiod change in phytochemical synthesis metabolism of Peppermint.


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