Advances in Applied Agricultural Sciences 2 (2014); 12: 27-31
The Analysis of Competitive Power of Eu States and Candidate States in Foreign Trade of Dairy Products
Osman Orkan Özer 1*, Goksel Armagan 1 and Altug Ozden 1
1 Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım Ekonomisi Bölümü Cakmar-Aegean region-Turkey 09100/Turkiye.
Trade of dairies is one of the most discussed issues among EU states. Aim of the present study is to investigate basic structure of foreign trade of dairies of European Union states as well as Turkey, Iceland, Croatia and Macedonia, whose integration process is in progress. Thus, competitiveness levels of 27 member states and four candidate states were analyzed according to the code values from SITC Rev. 3 on dairies revealed for them between the years of 2009 and 2011. According to the results from the study, European Union region accounts for 58.33% of dairy import and 66.30% of dairy export. 97.47% of the import by European Union occurs within European Union region. It was concluded that a commercial polarization happened in foreign trade of dairies as a result of Customs Union and Common Agricultural Policies. It was determined that European Union’s comparative advantage is on the fringe with respect to competition level in dairies. It is expected that the candidate nations lose their explainable competition advantage in foreign trade of dairies if they become a full member.
Keywords: European Union, Trade of Dairy Production, Vollrath Index